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1st January 2022: Critical UK border changes

On the 1st January 2022 the UK is imposing full border controls, which means that HMRC will require customs declarations to permit shipments from the EU across the border, yet there are indications that many traders and hauliers are not prepared for the deadline.

Key non-inventory linked ports, which encompasses key Channel ports, including Dover and Eurotunnel, are required to control goods moving between Great Britain and the EU using the new Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) as the frontier control mechanism from the 1st January 2022.

GVMS is a critical element in trucks being allowed to enter the Channel ports and board vessels and it should have thousands of companies registered on it, but currently it numbers hundreds.

Importers will no longer be able to delay making import customs declarations, under the Staged Customs Controls rules, which have applied during 2021 and from the 1st January shipments moving into Great Britain will need one of the following:

1. Deferred Entry – EORI number of the EIDR (Entry in Declarant’s Records) approved trader who will enter details in their records and submit a declaration later. We have this approval.
2. Simplified frontier declaration (SFD) – Entry number for the SFD. Note: Food, feed and controlled goods need an SFD even if using EIDR and this requires about 80% of the data normally required for a full declaration (normal SFD only requires 40%).
3. Full frontier declaration (FFD) – Entry number for the FFD. As the name suggests a full entry completes the importers declaration to HMRC and requires no supplementary actions, unlike the Deferred Entry and SFD.

One of the above must be lodged on GVMS in order to get a Goods Movement Reference (GMR) number, or the driver will be unable to check-in at the port/terminal and the truck will not be allowed to board.

For vehicles checking at EU ports, the carrier will use GVMS to verify the GMR presented to them and cross-check the details on the GMR with the vehicle. Vehicles will be turned away at check-in if a valid GMR cannot be presented or if their registration number(s) do not match those on the GMR.

GVMS allows for automatic arrival in HMRC’s declaration processing system CHIEF, as soon as goods board at the EU side, so that UK import declarations can be processed by HMRC en route to the UK.

Once the vehicle and/or trailers have embarked on the crossing, the status in GVMS will be updated to EMBARK. The platform sends an electronic notification through CHIEF when inbound goods are successfully cleared before they arrive in the UK, allowing them to quickly pass through customs.

If the GVMS determines that the movement requires inspection, a notification will be sent within 30 minutes after embarkation. Those vehicles must report to a customs inspection point upon arrival, where customs officials will update GVMS once the consignment has been cleared.

Rules of origin
Under the terms of the UK’s FTA with the EU goods may benefit from tariff preference if they originate in the UK or EU.

NOTE – ‘Originate’ refers to where goods (or the materials, parts or ingredients used to make them) have been produced or manufactured. It is not from where the goods have been shipped or bought.

Importers will meet the ‘rules of origin’ set out in the UK/EU’s Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) if they have one of the following:
A statement on origin: The exporter must make this out to confirm that the product originates in the UK/EU
Importer’s knowledge: This option allows the importer to claim tariff preference based on suitable evidence knowledge of where the goods they’re importing originate from.

Commodity codes
The Harmonised System (HS Codes) is a standardised numerical method of classifying traded products. It is used by customs authorities around the world, as Commodity codes, to identify products when assessing duties and taxes and for gathering statistics.

They are standardised up to 6-digits and reviewed by the World Customs Organisation every 5 years. Following the end of the latest review, the UK codes will potentially be changing on 1st January 2022, when the UK will introduce its 2022 Integrated Tariff.

Our customs audit and brokerage solutions simplify EU/UK compliant border processing, which means that our customers’ EU/UK movements will not be interrupted when full UK/EU border controls are implemented on the 1st January 2022.

To discus your situation and to learn how we can simplify customs declarations for businesses of all sizes, please contact our customs specialist, Michelle Redman, directly –